Black tea has a very important position in the international tea market, but the earliest export of black tea is produced in Fujian Wuyishan City (formerly Chong 'an County) Zhengshan small black tea Tongmu Village, XingCun Town. The exact date of the origin of black tea is not known. The book "Despicable Things" written in the middle of the Ming Dynasty (about the 16th century) once mentioned the name "black tea", which is the earliest record extant. During the reign of Emperor Yongzheng (1773) of the Qing Dynasty, Liu Jing, magistrate of Chong 'an County, described this kind of small species of black tea produced in Chong 'an, Fujian Province in the collection of A Moment of Yu Xian: "The ninth song of the mountain ends with star villages and towns, which are the collection ground for practitioners. Outside the province Shaowu, Jiangxi Guangxin and other premises produced tea, black red wine, native name Jiangxi birds, are sold privately in Star Village." In his book Tea and Chinese Culture, Wang Guoan said: "The earliest black tea production in China started from the Xianxiang black tea in Chongan, Fujian Province." The black tea produced in Chong An Xing Cun Town is' Zhengshan Xiaozhong 'black tea. Small chong black tea in addition to the Zhengshan sub-chong, there are outer mountain sub-chong. The word "Lapsang" means "produced in high mountain areas". Waisanxiao refers to the small species of black tea produced in Zhenghe, Tanyang, Beiling, Pingnan, Gutian, Shaxian and Yanshan, Jiangxi, which imitates the Zhengshan variety and is of poor quality, and is collectively referred to as "Waisanxiao" or "artificial species". Since the birth of Xingcun Xiaozhong black tea, it gradually evolved into Gongfu black tea. Qimen congou black tea, one of the world's four major black teas, is as famous as Asam black tea in India, Darjeeling black tea and Sri Lankan black tea. In 1876, Yu Ganchen, who was dismissed from office in Fujian, returned to his hometown and brought back the Fujian black tea making method, and set up a red tea farm in Zhi Dedu Street. Later, there were more and more varieties of Congfu black tea. In addition to the "Qi Hong" of Anhui, Yunnan "Dian Hong", Hubei "Xuan Hong", Jiangxi "Ning Hong", Hunan "Huhong", Guangdong "Yinghong", Zhejiang "Yue Hong", Jiangsu "Su Hong" and so on were added. Among them, 'Qi Hong', 'Dianhong' and 'Meihong' are the most famous. Thus it can be seen that the origin of black tea was before Yongzheng (1733) and after the middle Ming period (about the 16th century). The earliest black tea production in China started from the Xiaochong black tea in Chong 'an, Fujian Province, and many books have no objection to this.
Story or myth
Iced tea is black tea mixed with ice and lemon. The exact date of its invention is unknown, but it suddenly became popular in the summer of 1929. Richard Blechynden, a tea merchant, was selling black tea at the West Lake Expo in China. He couldn't drink the hot tea himself because of the heat of the summer. In despair, a pile of ice accidentally fell into the hot tea brewing. Unfortunately, I threw it away and filled a cup to quench my thirst. I did not expect the ice tea to be cool and refreshing. Richard had an idea and resold the iced tea. It sold out.